Friedrich Ebert, a Social Democrat and the Republic's first President, used Article 48 on 136 occasions, including the deposition of lawfully elected governments in Saxony and Thuringiawhen those appeared disorderly. Under this article the President had the right to suspend civil liberties – with the Chancellor’s assent – in an emergency, thus giving him virtual dictatorial powers. When parties disagreed it often meant that the government collapsed, and they needed to have fresh elections. This enabled the President to rule by decree rather than consulting the Reichstag - the Chancellor would present laws to the President who would simply issue them. In the Weimar Constitution, Article 48 enabled the President to assume dictatorial power in times of emergency to "protect" the Republic. The Weimar Constitution did not create a strong government: Article 48 of the constitution gave the President sole power in 'times of emergency'. Rather than a solution for national emergencies, it became a crutch for authoritarian elites to resume ruling by decree. Another weakness was the increasingly frequent use of the emergency powers, established in the Constitution under Article 48. Political discord. Not enough checks/balances on incurring US Debt. However, in practice, it was also used when the Reichstag couldn’t agree. He created the constitution and the democratic government as an alibi; he saw the impeding defeat and decided on trying to create a scapegoat that could take the blame for the war and everything that went with it. The decree was intended to help the people, but it eventually led to the downfall of democracy in Weimar, Germany. Article 48 (Weimar Constitution) As the emergency decree laws Associate arrangement of executive power is referred to in a crisis usually. A Weakness - the president could rule by article 48 (emergency decree) and dismiss the views of the Reichstag, thus it wasn't a democratic system … It was not sensible to give equal rights to those who wished to destroy it While this made Weimar democracy unstable, Article 48 of the constitution rendered democracy dispensable, but on nebulous terms. The article 48 gave the president the power to make laws with out asking the Reichstag. As the German economic situation began to deteriorate after the outbreak of the Great Depressi… Linked to the idea of emergency rule was revolts and rebellions. Proportional representation can be argued as a significant weakness of the Constitution. From the beginnings, political support in the Weimar Republic was fragmented … This short tutorial aims to explain the Political weaknesses of the Weimar Republic from 1919-23... sorry for getting tongue tied at points! Blog. Weaknesses of the constitution. The design of a new constitution began in late 1918, following the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm IIand the collapse of the monarchy. However, the text of the Article did not precisely define the kind of "emergency" that would justify its usage and the Republic's first President, Friedrich Ebert, frequently used Article 48 in lieu of resorting to parliamentary action. This weakness also directly contributed to the downfall of the Weimar Republic as the public's displeasure at the ineffectiveness of the system made them look towards a stronger leader like Hitler for order. Proportional Representation resulted in coalitions that could be weak. This enabled the President to rule by decree rather than consulting the Reichstag - the Chancellor would present laws to the President who would simply issue them. It is crucial as historians to be able to assess the strengths and weaknesses of the Weimar Constitution. The second arm of the ‘Weimar coalition’, the German Democratic Party, was a somewhat more enthusiastic participant in government, serving in virtually all the cabinets of the 1920s. Scott is Subject Lead for History at Tutor2u, and works full time as a teacher of History. The chancellor was the leader of the Reichstag. ‘The failure of the Weimar Republic in 1933 was due to the weakness of the Constitution.’ Assess the validity of this view. Workers went on strike in attempts to gain better working conditions; in 1917 alone, there were 562 separate st… There were two parliamentary houses in the Republic, the Reichstag and the Reichsrat. The president’s power was limited by the Reichstag. In many historical and contemporary constitutions such instruments are regularly provided. What was the weakness of the constitution? Students then use a graph on the worksheets to weigh which parts of the constitution might cause the … Article 48. 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