[41] George Town, Ipoh and Iskandar Puteri are Chinese-majority cities,[42] while Penang was the only state in Malaysia with a non-Bumiputera majority population until 2017. Malaysian English also sees wide use in business, along with Manglish, which is a colloquial form of English with heavy Malay, Chinese languages and Tamil influences. 1951 269,000 [86] Infant mortality rate in 2009 was 6 deaths per 1000 births, and life expectancy at birth in 2009 was 75 years. The largest community in the country, with their language, Malay, being the national language, Malays are dominant in the political landscape of Malaysia. A number of independent schools conduct classes in Malay and English in addition to Chinese, enabling the students to sit the PMR and SPM additionally. Those who are not considered to be Bumiputras make up a considerable portion of the Malaysian population – non-Malays once constituted around 50% of the population of peninsula Malaya (1947–1957), but have since declined in percentage term due to a higher birthrate of Malays owing to favorable policies by the government as well as some degree of out-migration by the Chinese. Chinese people have been in Malaysia for centuries, with the peak of this immigration in the Nineteenth Century. The demographic composition in the country are as follows. The Malaysian capital, Kuala Lumpur, lies in the western part of the peninsula. The least populous of the compared places has a population of 383,899. Chinindians are the offspring of intermarriage between Chinese and Indians a growing … At their arrival, the Chinese worked in railway construction and tin mining, and later they began to own businesses. This Southeastern Asian nation is home to just over 30 million people, and a complex history of warding off territorial claims by rival nations. Population Ageing in Malaysia Figure 3 below shows the population age structure and median age of Malaysia using the UN’s World Population Prospects data (2012 revision). Secondary education in Malaysia is conducted in secondary schools (Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan) for five years. Sex ratio for Malaysia in 2015 and 2016 was 107 respectively. The second largest ethnic group at 6.69 million are the Chinese who make up 23% of the population excluding non-citizens as of 2018. The population shows great ethnic, linguistic, cultural, and religious diversity. Rate of natural increase is approximately 1.15 percent per year. [34] English was, for a protracted period, the de facto, administrative language of Malaysia, though its status was later rescinded. The English speakers form a distinct subset within the larger Chinese community, as they are known to have a less Sinocentric mindset, and are rather Westernized in thinking and attitudes. 1950 47,000. The total population was 28.3 million of which 91.8 per cent were Malaysian citizens and 8.2 per cent were non-citizens. More recently, however, with the standardised, compulsory use of Mandarin in Chinese schools, a huge majority of Malaysian Chinese now speak Mandarin, a non-native language that originated from northern China. Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population) 1972 1974 1982 1986 1990 1995 2000. KUALA LUMPUR: As Malaysia is expected to be an ageing nation by 2030, the country must prepare itself to assist the elderly, Alliance For a Safe Community chairman Tan Sri Lee Lam Thye said. Tamil community from Ceylon have their own Tamil dialect known as Sri Lankan Tamil. Net migration rate -0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.) Texas also has a substantial Asian population of 1,175,423, but a small Islander population of 22,248. Update to date information about population of Malaysia in 2020. The 2015 Malaysian Census reported the population of Sabah at 3,543,500, being the third most populous state in Malaysia and have the highest non-citizens population at 870,400. 2,703 4,037 14,403 21,944 22,832 24,831 27,358. [69] Christianity constitutes a slim majority of the non-Malay Bumiputra community (50.1%) with an additional 36.3% identifying as Muslims while 7.3% follow folk religion. Population growth rate: 1.29% (2020 est.) Before the introduction of the matriculation system, students aiming to enter public universities had to complete an additional 18 months of secondary schooling in Form Six and sit the Malaysian Higher School Certificate (Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia, STPM); equivalent to the British Advanced or 'A' levels. As of 1 January 2020, the population of Malaysia was estimated to be 32,466,407 people. In the next two decades, Malaysia will still have a moderately “young” population, with those within the age group 0-14 constituting 30.5 per cent of the total population. [30] The following are the twenty-five largest ethnolinguistic groups in Malaysia; speakers of distinct dialects of a language may be grouped separately, for example Terengganu Malay and Kelantan Malay are grouped into East Coast Malay:[31], Bumiputras totaling 68.8% of Malaysia's population as of 2017 are divided into Muslim Malays proper, who make up the majority of the Malaysian population at 54.66%; and other bumiputra, who make up 14.14% of the Malaysian population, and most of whom belong to various Austronesian ethnic groups related to the Muslim Malays. Malaysia [Population education in countries of the region]. They are the majority race in Malaysia, comprising of 50-55% of Malaysia's population. The Chinese have over the years absorbed elements of Malaysian culture, intermarrying with the indigenous groups, which have led to the development of a syncretism of practices and beliefs, a new culture consisting both Malay and Chinese tradition. [29], Malaysia's population comprises many ethnic groups. Malaysian Chinese businesses developed as part of the larger bamboo network, a network of overseas Chinese businesses operating in the markets of Southeast Asia that share common family and cultural ties. Contents: Subdivision. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly).The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Population policy is aimed at lowering the rate of natural increase to 2% by 1985. Death rate: 5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.) [77] Most Malaysian children start schooling between the ages of three to six, in kindergarten. The Malaysian government officially discourages the use of Manglish.[60]. Babas and nyonyas as a group are known as Peranakan. All ethnic Malays are considered Muslim by Article 160 of the Constitution of Malaysia. Malays from different states in Malaysia carry distinct dialects that can sometimes be unintelligible to most of their fellow countrymen. [83] Instead, private universities have sprung up to cater to the local population. But, who are the Malaysian people? They, together with other indigenous groups in Sarawak make up over half of the states population. Statistics from the 2000 Census indicate that 75.9% of Malaysia's ethnic Chinese identify as Buddhist, with significant numbers of adherents following Taoism (10.6%) and Christianity (9.6%), along with small Hui-Muslim populations in areas like Penang. Private hospitals have not generally been seen as an ideal investment—it has often taken up to ten years before companies have seen any profits. At the end of Form Three, which is the third year, students are evaluated in the Form Three Assessment ("Pentaksiran Tingkatan Tiga", PT3). One such example is Tunku Abdul Rahman University College which partnered with Sheffield Hallam University and Coventry University.[84]. Arabs (caucasian) 3. These include Malays, Chinese, Indians, and other indigenous Bumiputra groups. Their culture is influenced by Hinduism, Buddhism, and animism. Trenton Social, As a Premium user you get access to background information and details about the release of this statistic. Eurasian Malaysians are often descendants of British, Portuguese, and Dutch colonists. Sabah has a large amount of indigenous people, 28% of the population are Kadazan-Dusuns, and 17% are Bajaus.[10]. However, since the Islamisation movement of the 1980s and 90s, these aspects are often neglected or banned altogether. To help you easily understand the dynamics of economics and business in Malaysia through a series of graphs, here are 5 infographics on some of the country’s key data. Population Trends in Malaysia 263 Population Growth, 1970-80 As shown in Table 1, the population of Malaysia has more than doubled since 1947, and is now not far below that of Australia. Since Blumenbach, many anthropologists have rejected his theory of five races, citing the enormous complexity of classifying races. [68] The percentage population of Muslims has been steadily increasing – from 58.6% in 1991, 60.4% in 2000, to the 61.3% of the 2010 census. [47][48][49] As for the Punjabis from Punjab, most of them where enlisted in the army in Malaya while some handled the bullock-cart services in the country.[50][51]. The description is composed by our digital data assistant. A small population exists of people of European and Middle Eastern descent. However, unlike government schools, independent schools are autonomous. The Peranakan culture is still visible to this day in the former Straits Settlements of Singapore, Malacca and Penang. Migration (including immigration and emigration) increases population by 50,000 people yearly. PIP: Between 1900 and 1985 the population of Malaysia has increased from 2 million to 16 million. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) Malaysia has many other non-Malay indigenous people, who are given Bumiputra status. Recent efforts to bring many facilities to other towns have been hampered by lack of expertise to run the available equipment. The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. The majority of private hospitals are in urban areas and, unlike many of the public hospitals, are equipped with the latest diagnostic and imaging facilities. Although many executive and judicial branches of the federal government have moved to Putrajaya, Kuala Lumpur is the seat of the Parliament of Malaysia, making it the country's legislative capital. MALAYSIA The foreign university branch campuses in Malaysia are: Monash University Malaysia Campus, Curtin University, Malaysia, Swinburne University of Technology Sarawak Campus and University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus. [72] The jurisdiction of Shariah courts is limited only to Muslims in matters such as marriage, inheritance, divorce, apostasy, religious conversion, and custody among others. Malaysia Demographics Profile 2013 Population 29,628,392 (July 2013 est.) Every citizen is issued a biometric smart chip identity card, known as MyKad, at the age of 12, and must carry the card at all times. There are 7 major races in the world including subraces . Demographic Transition in Malaysia, Demographic Statistics Division, Malaysia. Johor Bahru Urban Area Population History. Coronavirus Data and Insights . Of the total Malaysian citizens, 'Bumiputera' (Malay and native indigenous groups) comprised 50.4%, Chinese 23.7%, Indians 11%, and others at 7.8%. Before progressing to the secondary level of education, pupils in Year 6 are required to sit the Primary School Achievement Test (Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah, UPSR). [86] Recently foreign doctors have also been encouraged to take up employment in Malaysia. If the current 2.6% annual growth rate persists, 50 million population will be attained by 2030. Malaysian Chinese mostly speak Chinese languages from the southern provinces of China. It takes six years to complete secondary education in Chinese independent schools. Selangor (State, Malaysia) with population statistics, charts, map and location. Kuala Lumpur is the capital and largest city of Malaysia. Update to date information about population of Malaysia in 2020. The total population in Malaysia was estimated at 32.6 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures and projections from Trading Economics. During the British colonial rule, Indian labourers, who were mostly south Indian Tamils from Tamil Nadu and to a lesser extent others in South India, were brought to Malaya to work on sugarcane and coffee plantations, rubber and oil palm estates, construction of buildings, railways, roads and bridges. Some of the Muslims of South Asian (Indian) ancestry have intermarried with the Malay Muslims and become integrated in Malaysia. Population growth rate: 1.29% (2020 est.) National secondary schools use Malay as the main language of instruction. It is also the economic and business centre of the country, and is a primate city. Despite the recognition of Islam as the state religion, the first 4 prime ministers have stressed that Malaysia could function as a secular state. Other major cities in Malaysia include Ipoh, Kota Kinabalu and Kuching. By definition of the Malaysian constitution, all Malays are Muslims. This means that Muslims of any race are counted as Malays provided they practice Malay culture. Before World War II most of the growth was due to immigration from China and India; after World War II it was due to natural increase. [65] Thai is also spoken in some areas. [7][69], The majority of Malaysian Indians follow Hinduism (84.5%), with a significant minority identifying as Christians (7.7%), Sikhs (3.9%), Muslims (3.8%), and 1,000 Jains. This page was last edited on 19 November 2020, at 18:25. [67], Islam is the largest and state religion of Malaysia, although Malaysia is a multi-religious society and the Malaysian constitution guarantees religious freedom. Population Pyramids: Malaysia - 1960. Regulation of sexual activities among the Muslim population is strict; with laws prohibiting unmarried couples from occupying a secluded area or a confined space to prevent suspicion of acts forbidden in Islam. In addition, four reputable international universities have set up their branch campuses in Malaysia since 1998. Population distribution of Alabama by race and ethnicity 2019; Population distribution of Mississippi by race and ethnicity 2019; Population distribution of Louisiana by race and ethnicity 2019 Malays, as Bumiputra, see Malaysia as their land, and since race riots in 1969 Bumiputra have been especially privileged in Malaysia – top government positions are reserved for Malays, and the Malays received cheaper housing, priority in government jobs as well as business licenses. East Asia is noted for some distinct cultures. Indian Malaysians account for 6.7% of the Malaysian population. Despite that, English remains an active second language in many areas of Malaysian society and is taught as a compulsory subject in all public schools. [37] They live as subsistence farmers. Tamils from Ceylon (today Sri Lanka who were English-educated worked as teachers, clerks, public servants, doctors, hospital assistants, and other white collar jobs. The Nepalese are mostly migrant workers from Nepal totalling 356,199[52][53][54] of which Malaysian Citizens are as little over 600 and lives in Rawang, Selangor. Examinations are based on British English, although there has been much American influence through television. Along with Subang Jaya, Klang, Petaling Jaya, Shah Alam, Kajang-Sungai Chua, Ampang Jaya and Selayang it forms the country's largest and most important urban area, the Klang Valley. Demographics of Malaysia 2019. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Largest Ethnic Groups And Nationalities In The United States, Demographics and Ethnic Groups of Australia, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US, Non-Malay Bumiputera and Other Indigenous Groups. The population development in Selangor as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). In 2019 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the … Chart and table of Malaysia population density from 1950 to 2020. There is still, however, a significant shortage in the medical workforce, especially of highly trained specialists; thus, certain medical care and treatment are available only in large cities. Students also have the option of enrolling in private tertiary institutions after secondary studies. Their religion is mainly Taoism or Buddhism. In certain regions in Malaysia, some dialects are more widely used; Hokkien predominates in Penang and Kedah, while most Chinese in the former centres of tin mining, such as Ipoh and Kuala Lumpur, speak Cantonese. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on July 18 2019 in Society. The population of Malaysia will be increasing by 1,347 persons daily in 2020. Biologically there are only 4 (caucasian,negroid,mongoloid,australoid) 1. Some of the 18 groups listed here are categories summarizing the population of smaller groups. Malaysian Chinese people or Chinese Malaysians (Chinese: 馬來西亞華人; Malay: Orang Cina Malaysia), are a local ethnic group in Malaysia.The group is defined as Malaysian citizens of Chinese (Han Chinese) ethnicity.Today, they form the second largest ethnic group after the Malay majority, constituting 23% of the Malaysian population. In 1980 83% of the population lived in Peninsular Malaysia (39% of the land area), and 17% lived in Sabah and Sarawak (61% of the land area). This is particularly the case with Indian Muslims from the peninsula and the Kedayan of Borneo. Malaysian officials are reported to have turned deportees directly over to human smugglers in 2007, and Malaysia employs RELA, a volunteer militia, to enforce its immigration law.[14]. The Malaysian population consists of people of different races, religions and race. [4] The Chinese population has shrunk proportionally from 1957, when it was about 40% of Malaya,[5] although in absolute numbers they have increased around threefold by 2017 in Malaysia (2.4 million in 1957 to 6.6 million in 2017, the later figure include East Malaysia) but have been dwarfed by the fivefold increase of Malays (from around 3.1 million in 1957 to 15.5 million in 2017). It used to be Malaysia's largest and only city until the 1970s when Kuala Lumpur became the capital. Malay is a loose term used in the late 19th century and early 20th century to describe the Austronesian peoples.. 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